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How to Write a PhD Dissertation: What to Include in Your Introduction

When you write a PhD dissertation, you are sure to write an introduction. It is very important as it gives the reader the first impression of your scientific research. It must be strong enough to make the reader interested in your research topic from the very beginning. It gives not only the first impression of the quality of your dissertation but of you as a researcher. No matter what the subject of your PhD dissertation is, you should make the introduction very informative. If you want to write a perfect introduction for your doctor thesis, you should follow these basic steps.

Top Tips for Writing an Introduction to Your PhD Dissertation:


  • Begin your introduction with a statement that gives the reader a clear idea of your research topic.
  • Give background information about your research. You should explain why the topic of your dissertation is important. Analyze how the problem of your writing is investigated at the present moment.
  • Make analysis of the previous research field. State, who of the scientists investigated this problem, what conclusions they made, compare them with modern tendencies.
  • Define the problem of your dissertation. Keep in mind that it must add new information to the chosen field of scientific knowledge.
  • Outline the purpose and primary objectives of the dissertation.
  • Establish the scientific relevance of your thesis. Here you should also state what aspects of the problem were left aside by other researchers.
  • Analyze the methodology you intend to use in your research.
  • Use academic style of writing. Don’t use slang or emotionally colored words.
  • Mention the structure of your research, chapter by chapter. It is very important to outline how your thesis is organized in order for the reader to know what follows and in what order.
  • Introduce all your terminology, especially abbreviations and acronyms you plan to use often.
  • Make your introduction interesting. It should catch the reader’s eye at once. Keep in mind that, if the reader of your dissertation gets bored while reading the introduction, it will be very difficult to make him or her read the whole thesis.
  • Consider your audience. You should give adequate information to your reader because not everyone is familiar with the topic of the research as good as you are.
  • Explain what further directions of your research will be. Indicate all your contributions and benefits. Explain how the results of your work can be used in future by other researches.

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